Who is responsible for commercial roofing repairs in a commercial lease?Who is responsible for commercial roofing repairs in a commercial lease?

If you thought it was the landlord, you are only partially right

So, you are about to sign your first commercial lease but you are unsure of what your responsibilities are and which are your landlord’s.

Of course, you wouldn’t want to pay more than you need to for a commercial lease. Who would?

Being able to know which are the obligations of the tenant and which ones correspond to the landlord will let you differentiate your responsibilities from the landlord’s, leading you to a better commercial lease and a better deal.

Normally, the landlord is responsible for all the building support systems and foundations, including commercial roofing repairs and commercial roofing maintenance. The landlord is also responsible for the deterioration of other parts of the structure such as electrical wiring, flooring, the walls, etc.

So if these suffer any damage, it falls under the landlord’s responsibility to repair it.

While the tenant is usually responsible for the objects inside the property that can be damaged by constant use and other superficial damages that the property could suffer, such as damaged fixtures, wallpapers, plumbing, etc. It will be the responsibility of the tenant, and he will have to cover the cost of the respective repairs.

However, more often than not, landlords decide to tweak the terms of the commercial lease in an attempt to make it more beneficial for them by making the tenant responsible for commercial roofing repairs and commercial roofing maintenance even though the law publicly says it’s the landlord’s duty. So, carefully read what you are about to sign, and don’t hesitate to request changes if you see something that isn’t fair.

But before you sign anything.

Here are two fundamental commercial roofing tips Savannah Roofing Co. has to offer. Suffice to say you should follow these before signing a commercial lease.

#1 Look at the type of commercial roofing of the building

Depending on what type of business you plan to start and the location where you plan to get the commercial lease, you should make sure that its commercial roofing is able to endure the most hostile weather from the area.

For example, if the location is known to have constant rains, you might want to avoid getting into a commercial lease for a building with metal roofing installed as this type of commercial roofing is terrible for humid areas. Besides, it is also one of the best and durable choices when not exposed to water.

Instead, commercial roofing like BUR, green roofs, TPO or EPDM would be much better choices for a building like this as they are fantastic at dealing with constant rains, moisture, and humidity overall. 

We recommend these commercial roofings as they are great choices for their respective environment.

  • EPDM for rainy weathers; Thermoset roof membrane is cheaper than other types of commercial roofing that can deal with moisture and water such as PVC. They have excellent durability and versatility while needing very minimal maintenance.
  • Metal roofing for harsh sunlight; This type of commercial roofing is like the superman of all roofing types. It offers the highest longevity lasting up to 60 years, can resist impacts, and it’s fire-resistant. However, its kryptonite is water. When exposed to moisture or water, it tends to rust.
  • Built-up roofing membrane; I call it the all-purpose commercial roofing. This roofing counts with great flexibility, water resistance, and a UV-resistant coat that helps reflect heat, making BUR a good choice for almost any weather. However, this commercial roofing has a relatively low lifespan of only 20 years.

#2 Specify who’s in charge of the commercial roofing repairs

This is very important. Ensure to carefully go over the terms of the commercial lease to avoid unnecessary disputes in the future.

 Ideally, landlords should always be the ones to cover this expense along with the respective maintenance. After all, it’s their own property, right?

But there will always be some that want as little responsibility as possible and will try to put this burden on the tenant. I consider this to be incredibly unfair, and I suggest that you try to find a better deal if this is what you are being offered.

Make sure that the written agreement contains clear obligations regarding maintenance and repairs for both sides.

Epic Castles in Scotland to VisitEpic Castles in Scotland to Visit

 One of the best things about Scotland is that a castle is always nearby, no matter where you are. Scotland’s castles are among the most famous in the world and are as much a part of the country’s scenery as its pristine lochs and towering mountains.

 Up to 3,000 castles are thought to have existed in Scotland at one time, or around one for every 100 square miles. You can stay in a castle, did you know that? Other opulent estates permit a fantastic stay in their old chambers, and some even permit camping outside on the lovely grounds.

 The must-see and most stunning castles in Scotland, in no particular order, are on our list of epic castles. Some of these castles are located in the Scottish Highlands, while others are dispersed throughout Western Scotland. Some of these castles are accessible from Edinburgh as day trips. We are confident that reading this content will enthrall and motivate you to visit Scotland.

Basmoral Castle

One of the most well-known castles to visit in Scotland is Balmoral, which serves as the Scottish residence of the Royal Family. The preservation and repair of this lovely homestead, which Prince Albert gave to Queen Victoria in 1852, remain of the utmost significance, with every square foot of the grounds spotless.

 The grounds serve as those of a rural residence more than the baronial construction with its ornate towers. The settings have a lovely fountain surrounded by a stone semi-circle, and some Victorian glasshouses add to the floral appeal. Take a guided tour of the grounds to see the serene monuments and lovely cairns.

Urquhart Castle

The ruins of Urquhart Castle, a well-liked tourist destination in the Scottish Highlands, contain remnants of its medieval past. Below it, views of the serene Loch Ness sparkle. Watch out for the monster!

 One of Scotland’s once-largest castles, Urquhart is a fortress that provides insight into a real historic operational castle. Visitors come to view Urquhart’s splendor, which includes the dinners that can be easily imagined in the great hall, the magnificence of the adjacent chambers, and the eerie atmosphere of the prison cell.

 Take a wander around the grounds and admire the life-size trebuchet outside before taking one more look towards the loch.

 Inverness Castle

The Victorian Inverness Castle sits tall on a rocky outcrop on the banks of the River Ness; take a stroll up the winding path that leads there. The fortification underwent numerous modifications between the 11th and 19th centuries, resulting in the current fusion of neo-Norman architecture.

 Cromwell’s clock tower amazingly still stands as a stark reminder of the castle’s devastating past (https://www.visitscotland.com/see-do/attractions/castles/great-scottish-castles/).

Eilean Donan

The Eilean Donan is situated in the western highlands of Scotland, at the confluence of three sea lochs, on a small tidal island. One of the most popular tourist destinations in the nation, this castle dates back to the thirteenth century and is famous for its unique design. The environment and views are truly breathtaking.

 The dinner hall features striking wooden ceiling beams, while the lodging room’s arched masonry houses Scottish and castle artifacts. To see the quiet waters, enter the kitchens and climb.

Castle Glamis

Glamis castle, which served as the scene for Shakespeare’s Macbeth, is renowned not just for its design and history but also for being one of the eeriest and most fascinating castles. This castle, situated in the tiny Angus village of Glamis, has a long history with the Royal family. The Queen Mother (Queen Elizabeth) spent her formative years in the palace, where she also gave birth to her second daughter, Princess Margaret.

Edinburgh Castle

This majestic stronghold, perched atop Castle Hill after Edinburgh’s well-known Royal Mile, looks spectacular and provides breathtaking views of the surrounding area.

 It is simple to explore the castle and find hidden gems like the Great Hall’s great wooden beams and St. Margaret’s Chapel’s elaborate arches. Visit the crown jewels in the Crown Room and take in an accurate portrayal of a valiant battle that happens just around the one o’clock gun.

 Take in the tales of kings and outlaws that help make a trip to Edinburgh Castle in Scotland a delight. The keep entrance.

Stirling Castle

The Scottish Highlands’ Stirling Castle, prominent in the nation’s history and architectural heritage, is perched atop a hill. The steep walls fully protected the building on all sides.

 The tranquil mood of the Royal Chapel, which dazzles with its expertly crafted frieze that depicts the coronation, contrasts with the lavish lifestyle evident in the Royal Palace at the castle’s peak occupancy.

 Enjoy the creation in the Great Kitchens, enter the Great Hall, a space suitable for a king or queen, and stroll through the St. Anne Gardens to take in their breathtaking splendor.

Castle Kelburn

The walls of Kelburn Castle are covered in graffiti art, making it most likely the only castle of its kind in the entire United Kingdom. This castle may be found in Western Scotland, close to the beach community of Largs, and is about 1.5 hour’s drive from Edinburgh. Water streams, miniature cascading waterfalls, a secret woodland, gardens, and farmland are all scattered across the entire castle and country park.


Castles are awe-inspiring and audacious, and Scotland offers a wide range of locations, sizes, and architectural styles to share with tourists.

 You should include a trip to a Scottish castle on your agenda, as they range from still-intact strongholds to equally mysterious and stunning ruins.

 Visit our Scotland Guide to find out more information, ask questions, or get additional ideas for your ideal trip with one of our Luxury Scotland Vacations.

Everything You Need to Know About Traditional/Western Medicine: A Broad OverviewEverything You Need to Know About Traditional/Western Medicine: A Broad Overview

Currently, there are a number of competing theories as to the best approach in achieving overall health and wellness. As a result, being educated on the subject of Western medicine is important. 

 When someone speaks about Western medicine, he may also use the term “traditional medicine.” These terms will be used interchangeably throughout this article. In developing an understanding of Western medicine, the following questions must be addressed:

 1. What is Western medicine not?

 2. How did Western medicine come about?

 3. What is Western medicine?

 What is Western medicine not?

 As you seek to understand the topic of Western medicine, it will be important for you to understand the difference between Western medicine and complementary or alternative forms of medicine (CAM). 

 Complementary forms of medicine might include but are not limited to, practices such as massage therapy and aromatherapy. Alternative forms of medicine consist of various forms of “medical” practices such as chiropractic treatment, acupuncture, Eastern medicine, etc. 

 Times will arise when doctors seek to combine complementary or alternative (CAM) forms of medicine with traditional forms of medicine. This is known as an integrative approach to medicine. However, due to the integrated style, this practice is not wholly traditional. 

 The term “Western medicine” is ultimately a term to distinguish this medical-style from the “Eastern medicine” or Chinese-style approach.

 How did Western medicine come about?

 This brings us to a focus on Western medicine. It is difficult to say exactly how Western medicine was founded. It may not have a single source. It is most likely something that came about through various people and their combined practices and research. 

 However, there is a man whose name is at the forefront when the topic is discussed. Hippocrates of Kos was a man who was adamant about the field of medicine being its own unique field of study. 

 Over time, this belief of Hippocrates of Kos was adopted by a number of individuals. It then began to develop into what we know today as Western medicine. 

 What is Western medicine?

 Western medicine is the distinct approach to medicine that is said to be based on observable and tested results. It is a clinical method/approach to medical practices. 

 Within this field of study and practice, you will find doctors, nurses, therapists, and pharmacists. In America, the traditional method of healthcare is the most widely sought-after method, and for a good reason.

 With technology steadily increasing, so does the field of traditional medicine – and the success rates found within. Over the past six decades, cancer deaths are said to have decreased by over 15% – thanks to Western medicine. 

 While HIV/AIDS has been increasing among the American population, traditional medicines have been keeping deaths from this devastating disease at bay. A cumulative percentage over the last 60 years shows that there has been a 75% death reduction.

 In the same length of time, death occurrences from heart disease have also been reduced through the practices of Western medicine by 60%.

 Traditional medicine has a special and unique approach to fighting against disease and illnesses. However, within this field, there are other evidence-based approaches to health and wellness that are found, such as surgery, counseling, and lifestyle changes. 

 Therefore, within this field of study, various goals are set, and progress toward the following is deemed as western medicine:

 • Finding a cure to a disease

 • Finding a way to relieve symptoms of sickness

 • Helping people to live in certain ways (lifestyle changes) to avoid problems in the future 

 • Preventing the spread of various diseases

 • Finding a way to stop the progression of the disease 

 • Diagnosing a patient 

 Traditional medicine is a clinical model, which means that the practices found within have been tested and researched. For instance, if a new drug is thought to be good to fight heart disease, you will not be the first one to try it out. 

 Prior to your taking medicine, tests will already have taken place with real people in controlled environments. These people will be monitored over a set course of time. Symptoms and side effects will be recorded, as will the value of taking the drug. 

 The various forms of counseling, although they are continuing to be developed, have been practiced in controlled settings as well. Whether someone prescribes a behavioral approach, cognitive approach, or something different, clinical studies have been made in attempts to fine-tune this field of practice to bring about greater success. 


 Many people find that Western medicine is the most reliable source of treatment for the different medical problems that arise. Many of the forms of help found within are also backed by various health insurance plans. 

 The evidence-based approach is the hallmark of Western medicine, and it will continue to provide assurance for years to come.

How To Optimize Warehouse ManagementHow To Optimize Warehouse Management

Having efficient warehouse management is critical to any operation, as it will affect your company’s financial performance. In this blog post, we’ve outlined tips for optimizing warehouse management and gaining more efficiency.

Hire A Warehousing Manager

A warehouse manager is an individual that will help to oversee the organization’s inventory and distribution processes. They’re responsible for monitoring the quantity of the items on hand and distributing it to retailers as needed.

A warehouse manager should be someone with a strong background in warehousing and should have a background in technology.

Develop Warehouse Management Policies and Procedures

Developing appropriate policies and procedures for your warehouse will help standardize the process, helping to ensure that all materials are handled in a standardized fashion.

For example, your company will want to create a policy for maintaining inventory records so that you have an accurate count of what’s on hand at any given time. You’ll also want to establish procedures for counting and locating inventory, as well as procedures for keeping track of invoices and receipts.

If you have a joint venture partner, the policies and procedures should be detailed enough for both companies to understand. This ensures that the entire supply chain will function optimally.

Create a Plan for Creating Order Out of Chaos

reating order out of chaos is important when it comes to efficient warehouse management. Here, you need to establish a system for dispatching all products to the proper warehouses and distribution centers.

You’ll also want to establish a system for managing incoming shipments so that you can quickly direct them into the correct areas, as well as maintain records for products in transit.

Tackle the Chaos with Order Picking Systems

Order picking is a vital part of warehousing management. With this system in place, you can scan each product that comes into your warehouse and order the items that need to be shipped.

You’ll want to implement these systems across your entire organization so that all materials are being picked up at the same time and then dropped off at their proper destinations.

Improve Productivity with an Integrated Scanner System

An integrated scanner system can help you to improve productivity by scanning each product as it comes into the warehouse and using that information to track items as they move through the supply chain.

With this system in place, you can scan each product that comes into your warehouse and then match it against a database so that you know who received each order of goods and where they were shipped to.

Utilizing Automation Systems

Automation systems are a key part of modern warehouse management, and you should implement them as soon as possible. They’ll help to process your incoming shipments quickly and efficiently.

You’ll also want to automate your outgoing shipping processes so that your shipping materials are handled quickly and efficiently.

Protect Your Supply Chain with Quality Control Procedures

Quality control is a vital part of warehousing management, and you should work to implement them as soon as possible. They’ll help to ensure that your products are provided in the proper condition to retailers. For example, you’ll want to establish a program for ensuring that all shipments have accurate product descriptions printed on them before being released for transportation. You’ll also want to create a system that will help to avoid all damages and misplacements.

Improve Warehouse Management Through Training

Through proper training, you can help your employees become more efficient in managing your warehouse. Through this training, they can learn how to take better inventory counts and locate items if needed.

Your employees will also need to know where products are being stored in the warehouse and whether the temperature is high or low in each area so that they can restock and maintain shelves appropriately.


Warehouse management is an important part of your organization’s overall efficiency. With these tips for optimizing warehouse management, you’ll be able to cut down on waste and make sure that products are always stocked for customers.

How Can Grammarly Help You?How Can Grammarly Help You?

We all know how college life can be stressful for most students, primarily if you’re assigned to write an essay or article about a specific topic. Writing can be pretty challenging since we always want to ensure that our grammars, punctuations, sentences are correct. The same thing goes with most writers. Isn’t it stressful to read through all over again just to proofread? Yes, it can be pretty exhausting, and it consumes so much of your time.

This is why Grammarly can be a great help to you. This software makes writing a lot easier!

Current International Travel Requirements in the COVID-19 EraCurrent International Travel Requirements in the COVID-19 Era

 COVID-19 has disrupted the world beyond what we could have imagined. Travel restrictions have been imposed to control and reduce its transmission. Here is a list of major international travel requirements in the COVID-19 era. 

Negative COVID-19 Test Certificate

 Testing for COVID-19 before booking an international flight is now normalcy that we have become accustomed to. You must produce a negative COVID-19 test certificate before taking a flight and when moving through immigration clearance in your host country. This COVID-19 negative test certificate or documents showing your recovery from COVID-19 has become an important travel tool that should be acquired within a specified time-frame before traveling. 

Be Ready for Random Temperature Checks

 The use of thermometer temperature guns for people traveling through public transport, such as trains and airlines, is no longer voluntary. Even after testing negative for COVID-19, temperature tests are still carried out at various intervals of your travel. Your host country will not let you in without taking your temperature readings just for precaution measures. 

Know the Travel Restrictions Your Destination

 Many travel destinations have been under strict travel restrictions for international arrivals since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. These travel bans led to 3 billion people living in areas with complete border lockdown to all foreigners by the first two quarters of 2020. Thus, it is an inevitable requirement to research the lockdown measures enhanced in your anticipated international destination. 

Follow Travel Recommendations by Destinations

 Many countries, including the United States, have continued to guide their citizens about the safety of different travel destinations. The risk assessment of these destinations is categorized in different levels, with level 1 as low-risk destinations and level 4 as high-level destinations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has placed countries such as Afghanistan, Kenya, and Paraguay as level-4, urging travelers to consider canceling their travel plans to the listed destinations.

Plan for Curfew Hours

93% of the world population lived under strict travel-related restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic by the 3rd quarter of 2020. It would be unwise to reach your destination past midnight if the country adheres to dusk to dawn curfew because you may end up sleeping in the airport. Therefore, you must be cognizant of curfew hours in your destinations before traveling from one country to the other.

Putting your Mask Appropriately

 Masks have become a significant requirement for international travelers as a measure to reduce the chances of COVID-19 transmission. Masking controls the spread of COVID-19 by controlling respiratory droplets from reaching other people in the surrounding. Therefore, travelers in buses, trains, airlines, and other modes of public transport must be appropriately masked because masks do not only protect you from contracting COVID-19 but also the other travelers. 

14 Days Quarantine

 Traveling to or from certain countries and destinations may require you to be quarantined for 14 days, even with a negative COVID-19 test result. Some places, such as the United Kingdom and South Africa, have reported a new variant of the COVID-19 virus. Many countries worldwide are reluctant to allow travelers from regions with such mutated COVID-19 variants without subjecting them to quarantine for 14 days. 

Confirming New Prices

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) reported that airlines were expected to lose $84.3 billion in 2020 due to international travelers’ reduction. From January to October 2020, the tourism travel destinations registered about a 72% reduction in tourist arrivals as reported by the UNWTO tourism barometer. The airlines and various travel destinations had to revise their prices upward to remain sustainable even as the number of visitors continued to dwindle throughout last year and this year. 

COVID-19 Vaccination

 COVID-19 vaccination programs have started worldwide with millions of different vaccine doses such as the Oxford/AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine in circulation. Qualified individuals are now encouraged to take a COVID-19 vaccine injection before traveling to protect themselves and the people they encounter. Notably, COVID-19 vaccination programs have not yet eliminated other COVID-19 related directives such as masking, social distancing, washing of hands, and use of hand sanitizers.